A definition of hosting
As its name suggests, web hosting is a service, which involves hosting web content. There are various varieties and types of hosting, depending on the purpose and on the functions. Yet, they all entail hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available through the Web. A host is in fact a server that is linked to the Internet and has its very own Internet Protocol address, which enables people to get access to it via the Internet. The server's architecture and its limitations depend on the kind of web hosting solution it's going to be used for.
What are the different types of hosting?
Depending on the function, the professional hosting solution may be:
File Hosting - this form of hosting permits the users to keep their files on a specific web server. With the traditional file storage hosting service, the files that are stashed may only be accessed by the customer that's availing of the service. This web hosting service generally refers to backups of PCs , documents, personal files and even other servers. This service may also impose certain restrictions with regard to the disk space and the root-level access. There may also be web traffic restrictions, but that depends on the given web hosting provider.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez hosting service is comparable with the previous web hosting service type. Nevertheless, unlike the file hosting service, the warez web hosting service is used for circulating copyrighted work without the blessing of the licence keeper. In short - it is related to the unauthorized dissemination of files and docs. There are a lot of methods for this to be completed, but the two essential methods are - through plain HTTP downloading and through peer-to-peer connections. The first one involves either a specific site, or, most commonly, simply a directory on a web hosting server that's been made available for everybody to access it and thus download patented documents free of cost. The second approach entails a peer-to-peer connection, availing of the so-called Torrent servers, via which users transfer files between each other. There are just a few hosting vendors that allow such form of web hosting on their hosting servers, mostly due to all the judicial entanglements that it entails. Usually such sites are hosted on private dedicated servers that are registered by third-party enterprises either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Mail Web Hosting - this solution is applicable with both shared hosting and dedicated web servers, based on the user's wish. If you would like to set up your own private SMTP email server, then you will need either a private virtual web hosting server or a dedicated server that offers the level of access required to perform such an assignment. For routine electronic mail web hosting ends, however, you can use a regular shared site hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain. This is not a service that's very famous, because the web site hosting and the e-mail hosting services are being served by two different web servers, usually owned by separate companies.
Website Hosting - the most famous and extensively utilized hosting service at present. It's used for hosting site files, whose sort depends on the OS the hosting server is utilizing - Linux or Windows. Different sorts of files require concrete hosting server Operating Systems, or else they won't be shown correctly on the Internet. This sort of web hosting may contain server storage and bandwidth limitations, root-level access and CPU usage restrictions.
Depending on the mission and on the objectives, the customer should pick the type of web hosting server that he demands for his project, and, of course, the hosting firm that's going to supply it. There are various sorts of hosting servers, depending on the configuration and the site hosting solutions that they offer. These are:
Shared Website Hosting Server - a shared web page hosting server provides a smaller quantity of system resources, which, of course, is reflected on the price of the service. It can be utilized for hosting small and medium sized online portals, which do not demand big quotas of disk space and bandwidth.
Semi-Dedicated Servers Hosting - they work on the same principle as the shared website hosting servers. However, there are much less users accommodated on the same server. For that reason, each of them will obtain a larger quota of the web hosting server's resources like RAM, data space, traffic and CPU. Excellent for hosting huge websites that do not need complete root-level access.
VPS hosting - the VPS servers are ideal for medium size web pages, which do demand root access to the server's configuration files. Normally, there are a bunch of private virtual web server hosting accounts hosted on the same physical server. However, each of them is autonomous from the rest and runs its own Operating System.
Dedicated Servers - a completely dedicated hosting server set up and accessed by you and solely you. It ensures a big amount of resources. It also includes full root access, which renders it an ideal platform for any type of site that necessitates a hosting solution.
The sole question that remains is:
Which web space hosting provider should I settle on?
As already stated, there aren't many companies providing warez hosting services because of judicial complications. Such hosting providers are being shut down almost every month. Because of that, if you want to establish such a service, you should do it on your own computer. The shared webspace hosting solution is the most famous kind of web hosting service. Therefore, every website hosting corporation provides it. Not all of them, however, provide services such as VPS hosting servers, semi-dedicated web hosting servers and dedicated hosting servers. Most of the small scale web hosting corporations do not have the resources demanded for offering those solutions. Hence it's always best to pick a larger web host that can provide its clients with all the services that they seek. You can effortlessly recognize such hosting companies by the kinds of services that they are making available and by the manner in which they introduce them to the customers. For instance, certain web hosting providers allow you to begin with a smaller web space hosting plan and afterwards shift to a bigger one, if you find it mandatory to do so. This is quite suitable, because you do not need to relocate web pages between web hosting servers and there is no danger of experiencing service disturbances because of all the complications that may show up. Hosting companies such as Free Hostia offer all sorts of services and have the necessary web hosting server resources and staff to ensure that their clients will not suffer any problems when swapping services, which is what a top hosting supplier is in fact all about.